Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The Khakas people are mainly rural. As a result, the preservation of the indigenous population of the Republic of Khakassia depends on the social well-being of its village dwellers. The migration flow from rural to urban areas is currently increasing because the village is going through a crisis. However, the ethnic community is responsible for the "reverse" migration. Urban experience changes attitudes, habits, and lifestyle, thus affecting the social well-being. The article attempts to compare the social well-being of the Khakas people with some urban experience and those with no such experience. The ex-urban residents proved unsatisfied with rural living conditions but demonstrated a more conscious life attitude and optimistic expectations. The rural old timers appeared less satisfied with their lives and more pessimistic. However, they were more willing to improve their living conditions, which might help to preserve the indigenous rural population of Khakassia.

emotional condition, satisfaction, living conditions, future expectation, rural resident
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