Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article considers the right to education recorded in the Constitutions of the German Democratic Republic and the Soviet Union, as well as some related norms applied in the Soviet zone of Germany. The author used the comparative legal method, e.g., the method of normative comparison, to compare the education laws in East Germany and the USSR. The state regulation of education started in East Germany in the pre-republic period. The period of 1945–1949 saw a ban of private schools, a single structure for all comprehensive schools, and a stipulation of equal rights to education. The constitution of the German Democratic Republic, which appeared in 1949, enshrined these norms at the statutory level. However, the new Constitution inherited a lot from the Weimar Constitution. The consolidation of education rights in the Constitution of 1968 differed from the variant of 1949. The Constitution of 1968 did not follow the education model of the Soviet Constitutions of 1936 and 1977, which were almost identical in structure and content. Despite the strong influence of both Soviet law and Marxist-Leninist ideology, the Constitutions of East Germany were independent in terms of education rights.

the right to education, East Germany, GDR, USSR, socialism, socialist law
Publication text (PDF): Read Download

1. Danilevsky N. Ya. Russia and Europe. Moscow: Iurait, 2020, 453. (In Russ.) EDN: KJMJXE

2. Danilova L. N. Reforms of general education in the GDR and the FRG as the basis for the subsequent development of the German school. Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin, 2006, (2): 103–108. (In Russ.) EDN: ISVLDN

3. Nefedov V. V. SED and extension of people's education in DDR in 1950–1970. Nauka i shkola, 2009, (4): 73–76. (In Russ.) EDN: MWLHSJ

4. Nefedov V. V. SED and higher education in the GDR. Nauka i shkola, 2011, (4): 150–152. (In Russ.) EDN: OPKSNT

5. Nefedov V. V. The socialist unity party of Germany and education in East Germany in 1945–1949. Nauka i shkola, 2011, (1): 146–149. (In Russ.) EDN: NYGRVN

6. Artyukhova E. A. The development of the education system in East and West Germany in the late 1940s – early 1960s. Cand. Hist. Sci. Diss. Stavropol, 2011, 226. (In Russ.) EDN: QFMCLX

7. Kononova S. V. Development of legal regulation of postgraduate training in the USSR. Pravo i obrazovanie, 2007, (11): 130–134. (In Russ.) EDN: IBWADF

8. Vinogradov V. V. The right to education in the USSR: historical and legal aspect. Relevant Issues of Legal Education of Minors and Youth, ed. board: Shiro S. V. et al. Volgograd: VSUACE(VolgGASU), 2014, iss. 2, 87–94. (In Russ.) EDN: UKNBOB

9. Sidorov O. A., Shabalina O. L. Right to education as an object of scientific research. Vestnik of the Mari State University. Chapter “History. Law", 2015, 1(1): 93–95. (In Russ.) EDN: UMFSNV

10. Matyusheva T. N. Evolution of the right to additional education in the education system of the USSR and the Russian Federation. Pravo i obrazovanie, 2016, (8): 142–149. (In Russ.) EDN: WGHYDH

11. Mekaeva E. A. Comparative analysis of the constitutions of the USSR and the Russian Federation in the field of the right to education. Problems and prospects for the development of science in Russia and the world: Proc. Intern. Sci.-Prac. Conf., Ufa, 1 Dec 2016. Ufa: Aeterna, 2016, pt. 6, 76–80. (In Russ.) EDN: XBQNVP

12. Belyaykina A. I. The constitutional right to education in Soviet Russia and the USSR. Legal science as the basis for the formation of the legal culture of modern man: Proc. Intern. Sci.-Prac. Conf., Samara, 25 Mar 2018. Samara: OMEGA SAINS, 2018, 21–26. (In Russ.) EDN: VZXPGX

13. Kalyak N. A. The right to education: the peculiarities of regulation in the USSR constitution of 1977 and in the current Russian constitution. Twenty five years of the Constitution of the Russian Federation: problems of theory and practice of implementation: Proc. Region. Sci. Conf., Novosibirsk, 14 Dec 2018. Novosibirsk: SUCC, 2018, 6–11. (In Russ.) EDN: UBMHSJ

14. Grebenkin A. N., Fomina M. G. Formation and development of the right to education in pre-revolutionary Russia, the RSFSR and the USSR. Analysis of the state, problems, and prospects for the development of modern education, ed. Ivanovskaya I. I. Petrozavodsk: Novaia Nauka, 2020, 157–168. (In Russ.) EDN: XDOLUH

15. Nowack F. Die Grundrechte und Grundpflichten der Bürger der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Leipzig-Jena: Urania-Verlag, Verlag für populärwissenschaftliche Literatur, 1954, 90.

16. Klenner H. Studien über die Grundrechte. Berlin: Staatsverlag der DDR, 1964, 280.

17. Poppe E. Mensch und Bildung in der DDR. Berlin: Staatsverlag der DDR, 1965, 315.

18. Arlt R., Edeling H., Egler G. Verfassung der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Dokumente. Kommentar, Hrsg. K. Sorgenicht, W. Weichelt, T. Riemann. Berlin: Staatsverlag der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1969, Bd. 2, 560.

19. Nast M. Das Recht des Menschen auf Bildung. 1. Aufl. Berlin: Staatsverlag der DDR, 1978, 285.

20. Kuczynski J. Menschenrechte und Klassenrechte. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1978, 164.

21. Poppe E., Riege G., Zschiedrich A. Grundrechte des Bürgers in der sozialistischen Gesellschaft. 1. Aufl. Berlin: Staatsverlag der DDR, 1980, 308.

22. Klenner H. Marxismus und Menschenrechte: Studien zur Rechtsphilosophie. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1982, 528.

23. David R., Joffre-Spinosi K. The main legal systems of our time. Moscow: Progress, 1988, 496. (In Russ.)

24. Saidov A. Kh. Comparative jurisprudence: the main legal systems of our time. Moscow: Iurist, 2005, 441. (In Russ.) EDN: QWIDEV

Login or Create
* Forgot password?