Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):

The article substantiates the validity of claims about the two, fairly selfcontained lines of human evolution, allowing one to speak of "historical parallelism". The first line is predominantly biological development (and finding expression in the dominance of material, bodily needs); the second is mostly suprabiological development (which finds expression in the predominance of spiritual needs). These two lines are deployed with sufficient autonomy from each other. The development of man thus appears not homogeneous, but heterogeneous contrary (multidirectional) process. These two lines of evolution give grounds to speak about "two births" of a person, one of which can be explained by natural, the other – by supernatural (divine) causes. In this case, evolutionary biology and religious (wider, metaphysical) point of view, explaining the origin and development of the person, do not exclude but complement each other. Deployable approach offers a new "reading" problems of theodicy: moral evil is committed (and with ease) by carnal souls (living mainly by biological priorities), since such evil does not exist for them, but only physical evil (causing physical suffering, the suffering of the carnal soul). Throughout its historical path, humanity has been biologically wholesome, but metaphysically diverse. Man in the mass has not yet appeared. From this point of view, the history of mankind as integrity is, in essence, still the background for its free essential self-disclosure.

history, evolution, people, two evolutionary paths, nature, existence, potentiality, actuality, "two births" of human anthropogenesis, historical parallelism, the carnal soul, the spirit soul, biological, and metaphysical
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